Budapest is home to numerous museums and art galleries preserving art works and treasures of great artistic value. Among the most important ones: the National Museum is dedicated to the history of Hungary and its people, the Ethnographic Museum is dedicated to popular art and traditions, the Budapest History Museum is about the incredible story of the Hungarian capital city from its origins to modern Budapest.
The Hungarian National Gallery, located at the former Royal Palace in Buda, is home to numerous Hungarian works of art from the Middle Ages to today. The Museum of Fine Arts hosts precious foreign collections including works made by Spanish artists such as El Greco, Velazquez, Ribera, Zurbaran, Murillo, and Goya.
The Ludwig museum of contemporary arts, located inside the Palace of Arts, exhibits masterpieces made by American and European Pop Artist such as Warhol and Lichtenstein, as well as some of the most prestigious Hungarian artists from the Nineties. Inside the St. Stephen’s Church and the Matthias Church there are some of the most important religious art works of Budapest. More over, Budapest is home to the largest Synagogue in Europe, which hosts the largest collection of Jewish culture after Israel, as well as the will of Martin Luther.
The Budapest Museum of Fine Arts, known as Szépművészeti Múzeum, is located at Heroes’ Square, inside an eclectic-neoclassical building built between 1900 and 1906. The collection includes more than 100 thousand pieces and one of the world’s most important painting collections, including works made by some of the leading European schools from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century.
The Szépművészeti Múzeum hosts 6 permanent collection, including the collection of Egyptian Art, which is the second most important collection of its kind in Central Europe, as well as a collection of modern art and prints.
The antique art collection includes mainly Greek and Roman objects. There are more than 3 thousand paintings belonging to the Italian, German, Dutch, Flemish, French, English and Spanish schools, including works made by Ghirlandaio, Giorgione, Tintoretto, Raffaello, Tiziano, Durer, Rubens, Poussin, El Greco, Monet, Corot, Velázquez and Goya. The old master painting collection includes an Italian section with art works made by Giotto and Tiepolo.
The House of Terror, Terror Haza in Hungarian, is at the same time a memorial to the victims of the past and a museum to commemorate the life of the Hungarian people during the bloody times of World War II under the Stalinist regime.
The building used to belong to the Avh police; here political dissidents were interrogated and tortured. The structure was built in 2000 and restoring works, including the facade, ended in 2002.
Today the House of Terror exhibits traces related to the fascist and communist regimes as well as torture devices. The black exterior structure stands out compared to the other buildings located on Andrassy Avenue.
The Hungarian Railway Museum is a unique park and museum in Europe dedicated to trains and railway history; it was opened in 2000 and is ideal for a visit with children. Besides admiring the original Orient Express carriages, adults can even try driving a locomotive in the park.
The Museum of Applied Arts hosts works of Secession art and Art Nouveau, artifacts from Islamic, Hindi and Persian cultures showcasing the history of the Hungarian trade and crafts.
The Hungarian music scene features numerous renowned masters around the world, such as Béla Bartók, to whom a whole section is devoted within the museum. In addiction to scores and scripted, there are also some typical Hungarian musical instruments.
The Franz Liszt museum is located inside the original apartment of the composer. Here there are all his instruments and personal belongings.The main hall of the apartment hosts regularly recital-concerts performed by the students of the Budapest Conservatory.
Located at Deák tér station, the railway museum exhibits photos and maps of the oldest underground of continental Europe.
Not far from the centre of Budapest is the archaeological site of Aquincum, Hungary’s best preserved vestige of a Roman settlement. The entire area is now a museum and includes both classical exhibits inside buildings and open-air sections winding through the cobbled streets. The layout of this settlement is still evident today and includes public baths, a temple and an early Christian church. The exhibition venue, Aquincumi Muzeum, houses an extensive collection of coins and wall paintings from the settlement, as well as various reconstructions that allow the visitor to get a precise idea of what life must have been like in those times.
In the following map you can see the location of the main places of interest mentioned in this article
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